- Misconduct in Research for the purpose of this Code of Practice and Procedure means, but is not limited to, the doing, planning or attempting of any of the following while proposing, carrying out or reporting the results of research:
- falsification or fabrication of data, including the intentionally misleading or deliberately false reporting of research information
- misrepresentation of data, including the invention of data and the omission from analysis and publication of inconvenient data
- failure to follow good practice for the proper preservation, management and sharing of primary data, artefacts and material
- unacknowledged appropriation of the work of others, including plagiarism, the abuse of confidentiality with respect to unpublished materials, or misappropriation of results, physical materials or other resources
- misrepresentation of involvement in a research project; for example, the failure to include legitimate author(s) on outputs, or granting authorship where none is warranted, or of credentials, including qualifications, experience, and publication history
- failure to declare conflicts of interest
- failure to follow accepted procedures, legal, professional or ethical requirements, or to exercise due care in carrying out responsibilities for avoiding unreasonable harm or risk to humans, other vertebrates, cephalopods or the environment
- failure to follow existing guidance on good practice in research, including proper handling of privileged, private or confidential information collected on individuals during the research
- improper conduct in peer review of research proposals, results or manuscripts submitted for publication
- improper dealing with allegations of misconduct: failing to address possible infringements, or to adhere to agreed procedures in the investigation of alleged research misconduct accepted as a condition of funding
Misconduct in Research can include acts of omission as well as acts of commission. It excludes genuine errors that are not due to negligence, differences in interpretation or judgement in evaluating research methods or results, or misconduct unrelated to research processes. It does not include poor research.
Misconduct in Research for the purpose of this Code of Practice and Procedure is not intended to capture concerns about students’ examined work, which falls within the jurisdiction of the Proctors under the Proctors’ Disciplinary Regulations for Candidates in University Examinations and Statute XI.
Examined Work includes the submission and assessment of a thesis, dissertation, essay, Transfer of Status materials, Confirmation of Status materials, or other coursework which is not undertaken in formal examination conditions but is a requirement for, counts towards or constitutes the work for a degree or other academic award.
Back to top