There are different levels of DBS check
- Basic (available for any post and showing unspent convictions)
- Standard (available for certain, eligible posts only, and showing spent and unspent convictions)
- Enhanced and enhanced with a barred list check (available only for very particular posts and showing spent and unspent convictions and a check against the relevant barred list)
Details of what each of these cover is available from the DBS website.
An employer may ask for a basic check for any post, as long as that request is proportionate. However, an employer may only apply for an Enhanced DBS check if the job meets the DBS’ eligibility criteria. Most commonly this means that the duties will include ‘regulated activities’, either relating to children or adults (see below), or other eligible jobs that may be considered high-risk. The DBS publish detailed guidance on the type of jobs that are eligible.
An enhanced check can include a check against the relevant barring list: for example, if the work includes regulated activity with children, the children’s barring list will be checked, and a check against the adult barring list cannot be requested.
If the post does not meet the eligibility criteria for the Enhanced DBS check, but it is considered appropriate and proportionate for a criminal record check to be requested, a basic DBS disclosure can be requested, or the other security screening checks considered instead.
Information about these checks is available on the DBS website